Imagine having a vegetable garden that provides a bountiful harvest year after year without the need for replanting. Perennial vegetables are the answer! Unlike annual vegetables that require replanting each year, perennial vegetables are long-lived plants that can provide a continuous harvest for several years with minimal maintenance. If you’re looking to establish a low-maintenance and sustainable vegetable garden, here are 17 perennial veggies that you can plant once and harvest for years to come.
Asparagus is a popular perennial vegetable that produces tender shoots in the spring. With proper care and patience, an asparagus bed can provide a harvest for up to 20 years.
Artichokes are not only delicious but also beautiful ornamental plants. Once established, they can produce edible flower buds year after year.
Rhubarb is a hardy perennial that thrives in cooler climates. Its tart stalks can be harvested for pies, jams, and other culinary delights.
Horseradish is a pungent root vegetable that can be grown as a perennial. Plant it in a designated area, as it can spread vigorously.
5. Jerusalem Artichoke:
Jerusalem artichoke, also known as sunchoke, produces delicious tubers that can be used in soups, stir-fries, or roasted. Be aware that it can be invasive, so consider planting it in containers or designated areas.
6. Egyptian Walking Onion:
This unique perennial onion produces clusters of small bulbs at the top of its stalks. These topsets can be replanted to perpetuate the crop.
7. Sea Kale:
Sea kale is a coastal plant that produces tender shoots that can be blanched and eaten. It is a hardy perennial that can withstand harsh conditions.
8. Chinese Artichoke:
Chinese artichoke, also called crosne, is a lesser-known perennial vegetable. It produces small, knobby tubers that have a crunchy texture and a nutty flavor.
9. Good King Henry:
Good King Henry is a leafy green perennial vegetable that resembles spinach. It is easy to grow and can be used in various culinary dishes.
Sorrel is a perennial herb with tangy, lemony leaves that can be used in salads, soups, and sauces. It is easy to grow and can provide continuous harvest throughout the season.
Lovage is a perennial herb that resembles celery and has a strong, savory flavor. Its leaves can be used in salads, soups, and stews.
Chives are versatile herbs that can be grown as perennials. They produce clumps of slender, onion-flavored leaves that can be used as a garnish or in various recipes.
13. Walking Onion:
Walking onion, also known as tree onion or top-setting onion, is a unique perennial that produces clusters of topsets on its stalks. These topsets can be replanted or used as green onions.
14. French Sorrel:
French sorrel is a perennial herb that has a tart, lemony flavor. Its leaves can be used in salads, sauces, or cooked dishes.
15. Welsh Onion:
Welsh onion, also known as bunching onion, is a perennial onion that forms clumps of long, slender green stalks. It can be harvested for its leaves and bulbs.
16. Mushroom Plant:
Mushroom plant, or Rungia klossii, is a tropical perennial vegetable that produces edible leaves with a mushroom-like flavor. It thrives in warm climates.
Watercress is a perennial aquatic vegetable that can be grown in water or damp soil. It has a peppery taste and can be used in salads or as a garnish.
When planning your perennial vegetable garden, ensure that you provide the right growing conditions and ample space for each plant to spread and thrive. Perennial vegetables may require some initial patience and care, but once established, they can reward you with a continuous supply of fresh produce year after year. With these 17 perennial veggies, you can create a sustainable and productive garden that will provide delicious harvests for years to come.